The market for insomnia has evolved in stages. Until the 20th century, bromine, urethane, and opium were used as sleeping pills. 1903 is the beginning of the first stage of treatment of insomnia, when they began to use barbiturates. The second stage dates back to 1950, when antipsychotics (phenothiazine derivatives) and antihistamines were prescribed for insomnia. The third stage is the era of benzodiazepine hypnotics. Since 1960, chlordiazepoxide first appeared , then diazepam and oxazepam . In the late 1980s, new-generation hypnotics were invented — cyclopyrrolones ( zopiclone ) and imidazopyridines ( zolpidem ), whose action selectively (selectively) affects sleep.
OTC products can be purchased over the counter without a prescription.
– Melatonin , melatonex (melatonin along with pyridoxine) has been recently created and is a hormone that is secreted by the pineal gland of the brain. Studies have shown that melatonin is directly related to the daily biorhythm and therefore effective for the treatment of insomnia caused by disruption of circadian rhythms and temporary adaptation during long-haul flights with time zones.
– Corvalol – a means known to compatriots to fall asleep. It contains phenobarbital barbiturate in a small amount, which is the reason for its hypnotic effect. In order to sleep better, you need to take 40-50 drops of Corvalol at bedtime, dissolving them in a small amount of water. [Due to the barbiturate content, prolonged use of Corvalol can cause drug dependence.
– Ginkgo ( biloba , tanakan , memoplant ) is a pill containing plant extract called “tree of life” – Ginkgo biloba, which improves cerebral blood flow. It is used to treat acute and chronic cerebrovascular insufficiency, especially in the elderly, which is accompanied by sleep disturbances, dizziness, noise in the head, decreased memory and attention. Use Ginkgo Biloba courses for 2-3 months to restore cerebral circulation. Contraindications not installed.
Approximately 30% of sufferers tried alcohol as a sleeping pill. You need to know that this famous folk remedy is a deceptive hypnotic. Accelerating the onset of sleep, it causes its fragmentation: the shortening of cycles and the inadequacy of the deep phase of sleep. This leads to frequent awakening at night. As a result, after drinking alcohol, people first fall asleep tightly, but after a few hours, they wake up and have a sleepless night.