As a rule, various sleep disorders are cured. Difficulties are the therapy of sleep disorders caused by chronic physical illness or occurring in old age.
Compliance with sleep and wakefulness, normal physical and mental stress, proper use of drugs that affect the central nervous system (alcohol, tranquilizers, sedatives, hypnotics) – all this serves to prevent sleep disorders. Prevention of hypersomnia consists in preventing craniocerebral trauma and neuroinfection, which can lead to excessive drowsiness.
Insomnia is a violation of the “sleep-wake” cycle. Pathology is determined by the lack of quality and quantity of sleep, which are necessary for normal human activity. The disease occurs in 30-45% of the world’s population. For some of them (10-15%), insomnia is a serious problem requiring medication. It should be noted that with age, problems with falling asleep and maintaining physiologically adequate sleep arise more often, so older people face insomnia more often than young people.
Insomnia – the more popular pathology name used by patients and even doctors, is not correct, since the disease is not accompanied by a complete loss of sleep.
Insomnia is a pathological condition in which the process of the onset and maintenance of sleep is disturbed. Depending on this or that clinical form of insomnia, there are difficulties in falling asleep (pre-somnolent form), disturbances in the period of sleep (instasmomnicheskaya) and after awakening (post-somnical form); also there is a decrease in sleep efficiency, nocturnal awakenings. The diagnosis is established on the basis of a physical examination, anamnesis, polysomnography. Treatment of insomnia includes the observance of sleep hygiene, the appointment of medication, physiotherapy, psychotherapy.