Blepharospasm – spasm of the circular muscle of the eye; typically observed in diseases and injuries of the cornea, a certain toryh neurological diseases (as teak). They treat the underlying disease.
Lagophthalmos – incomplete closure of the eyelids (the so-called hare eye) – happens with facial paralysis. On is observed also in congenital shortening of age, rub Zach century after traumatic injuries. In this disease, the palpebral fissure on the affected side is always wider, the lower eyelid is atonic , does not adhere to the eyeball, and lacrimation is noted.
When you try to close the eyelids naya slot remains open. The eye is open during sleep. Due to non – closure of the palpebral fissure, the eyeball undergoes drying, is constantly irritated, conjunctivitis and inflammation of the cornea occur.
Facial nerve palsy is usually treated neurologists, in severe cases shown oftalmolo -meteorological operation.
Care for patients with lagophthalmus is to protect the eyes from excessive drying and infection. To do this several times a day instilled into the conjunctival sac 30% solution sulfatsil -sodium, sterile vaseline oil or ma communication containing sulfa drugs or antibiotic OTIK.
Ptosis is the omission of the upper eyelid. Often this disease is congenital or acquired (after injuries when it is time zhenii oculomotor nerve).
Ptosis can be single or double-sided. In whichever naskol to the eyelid covers the pupil, ptosis may be complete or partial. The danger of complete congenital ptosis is that the eyelid does not pass light through the pupil to the retina, and vision decreases ( amblyopia ).
Eliminating about ptosis plague surgically. Children with congenital ptosis do surgery at the age of 2-3 years.
Caring for children with congenital complete ptosis consists in suspending the upper eyelid with adhesive stripes on the skin of the forehead. This procedure is prescribed for the child’s wakefulness period in order to prevent amblyopia .